- This involves the fertilisation of eggs ( also called oocytes ) with sperm in an incubator in the laboratory , by the embryologist .
- IVF treatment enables us to get more eggs as compared to natural cycle with a single egg to increase the statistical chances of a successful outcome . In order to achieve this , the ovaries are stimulated to increase the number of mature eggs available for fertilisation.
- Upon 9 to 10 days of daily injections with close monitoring of the women’s response with ultrasound scans and blood tests for hormones , the eggs are collected from the ovaries using ultrasound guidance.
- This procedure is called Oocyte Pick Up ( OPU ) or Egg Collection , which is a minor procedure done under sedation . This takes 10 to 15 minutes .
- The sperm from the partner or a donor are then prepared through a series of sperm washing and preparation to choose good and normal sperms for the fertilisation
- Following the fertillisation and continuous culture of the embryo(s) in the incubators up to three to five days , the embryologist will choose the best single or double embryo to be replaced back into the uterus through the cervix , under an ultrasound scan . This procedure is called Embryo Transfer , which takes 2 to 3 minutes , similar to having a smear test done and hoping for an implantation to occur which gives rise to a positive pregnancy test .